December 1971 was a turning point in the history of
the Emirates. On this date a declaration was issued
renewing enforcement of the provisional constitution
of the UAE and the United Arab Emirates was declared
a sovereign Federal State comprising Aim Dhabi, Dubai,
Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Fujairah and later
Ras Al Khaimah. The UAE is governed by five constitutional
and legislative bodies which include the following:
Supreme Council of the Federation, the President
and the. Vice-President, the Council of Ministers,
the Federal . National Council (FNC) and the Federal
Supreme Council of the Federation is the highest
political authority in the country. It consists
of all the Rulers of the Emirates comprising the
Federation and represents collective leadership.
The President and the Vice-President of the State
are elected by the Supreme Council from its members.
The, jurisdiction of the Supreme Council of the
Federation is confined to major political, legislative
and administrative issues of the state.
President appoints the Prime Minister with the consent
of the Supreme Council. Deputy Premiers and Federal
Ministers are appointed as per decree by the President
upon a recommendation of the Prime Minister. The
Cabinet is the executive body running domestic and
foreign affairs concerning the state as per the
Federal Constitution, laws and under the supervision
of the President and the Supreme Council of the
Federal National Council (FNC) is set up with 40
members representing the Emirates forming the Federation.
The FNC is the legislative assembly (Parliament)
which is as4gned the authority of discussing and
approving all federal draft laws and then referring
them to the Supreme Council for enactment, The FNC
also exercises the power of raising issues concerning.
performance of the government, discussing matters
of interest to the public and monitoring the conduct
of the federal government.
judicial authority is assumed by the Federal Court
which consists of the Federal High Court, the Appeal
Court and the Federal Courts of First Instance.
As per the constitution, the judicial authority
of each Emirate may handle the judicial matters
not assigned to the Federal Court. However, it is
possible as per a federal decree issued upon the
request of the respective Emirate, to transfer whole
or part of the judicial authorities exercised by
the respective Emirate's judiciary to the Federal
Court of First Instance.
the Arab and international levels, the UAE is a
member of the Arab Gulf Co-operation Council (AGCC)
which comprises in addition to the IJAE, the Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia, the State of Bahrain, The Sultanate
of Oman, the State of Qatar and the State of Kuwait.
The AGCC was formed in 1981. The United Arab Emirates
is also a member of the Arab League, the United
Nations and other international organizations and